The United Kingdom has a rich political culture. The history of the England has many exciting and memorable moments. And the England has the record of having the oldest parliament in the world. The parliament of the Great Britain met for the first time in the year 1265 at the Palace of Westminster. But the political parties came into the existence after four centuries of the first parliament meeting.
All of us do not know about the history of political parties in the Great Britain such as when the first Political party formed and what its objective was and who was behind the notion. Do you want to know about the Great Britain Political parties? Do you want to know when this great country got its first political party? If yes, then this article can help you with some facts about the past and present of the political parties of the Great Britain.
History of the Political Parties of the United Kingdom
Before the origin of the political parties, the English parliament was dominated by the aristocrats and the rich people who formed the majorities and alliances on the basis of some specific factors. The first political party of the Great Britain took the shape during the English Civil War.
During 1678 to 1681, a constitutional crisis took place in Britain. During this crisis, known as the Exclusion Crisis, many parliamentarians came forward to form political parties. It is in that period only, two politically parties, known as the Whigs and Tories, first introduced in the United Kingdom. The descendants of these two political parties were the two main parties that formed the coalition government in the England from 2010 to 2015 under the leadership of the Prime Minister David Cameron.
These two political parties were dominating the British politics until the early twentieth century. During the initial days, the Whigs were the party of the liberals. And the Tory was the base of the strong royal power. During the eighteenth century, the Whigs were more popular and dominated the British politics and the Tory party had a little influence in the political life of the UK.But the trend changed in the late eighteen century.
What is the Current Condition?
Currently, you will find many national and regional parties in the Great Britain. It has three main parties. These three parties are Labour Party, Liberal Democrats, and the Conservative party. All these three parties play an important role in the political life of the Great Britain. Among these three, the conservative party and the Labour Party are the main parties and the Liberal Democrats is the largest third party.
The Conservative Party: The conservative party is made of with the conservatives, neoliberals, social and traditional conservatives, and royalists.
The Labour Party:
The Labour party has control over the whole spectrum of the left wing in Britain politics. This party is funded and supported by the British trade unions.
You will also find many other parties in the UK such as the Scottish National Party, Democratic Unionist Party, UK independence Party, Green Party of the England and Wales, British National Party, English democrats.